Thucydides displays empirical thinking in his studies of human nature and behavior during the peloponnesian war and plato displays normative thinking in his books and dialogs in particular the republic plato views a good life on the ideals that a person has reached happiness. Essay on aristotle vs plato - aristotle vs plato excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is plato's definition of virtue what does this definition really mean though. Thucydides and plato had conflicting methods in their attitudes toward the good life thucydides demonstrates empirical thinking in his readings of human nature and comportment throughout the peloponnesian war and plato demonstrates normative thinking in the writing within his books and discourses in particular gorigia.
The central idea of plato's method, clearly on display here, is to test normative claims against people's spontaneous judgments about real and. Plato's objective of explaining the ideal state still leaves women out of the picture instead, it clarifies the nature of the just soul that to him was equivalent to him the ideal state was the soul, for instance, the partitions of the state match with those of the soul. The human function in plato and aristotle plato and aristotle have similar perspectives about human function they also share some of their ideas about how human function is related to other philosophical notions such as virtue, good, justice, and the soul.
Aristotle and plato had different philosophies about many subjects like justice and injustice, the function of humans, truth, the human soul, art, and politics starting with plato (427 bc-347 bc) one of the most important philosophers of the world and the founder of the academy. Like most other ancient philosophers, plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics that is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: 'excellence') are the requisite skills and dispositions needed. This analytical function is considered to be the primary function of philosophy 2speculative and normative function the mind is a very essential instrument for doing philosophy. For plato, the human function is defined as deliberation, ruling, living and taking care of things this differs greatly from aristotle idea of the human function which is, to perform activities that express reason.
Essay plato normative function entry on explanation in the sciences from the internet encyclopedia of philosophy place of no-place for wisdom in cyberspace the essay editing online philosopher came from one of the wealthiest and essay plato normative function most politically. The republic by plato gives interesting and erudite insights about justice, society, and government although written centuries back, i believe that plato's explanations and prescriptions are until now relevant in its philosophical arguments. Normative theory essay the term normative theory gained currency in american political science in the post-world war ii (1939-1945) period as a consequence of the behavioral revolution and the rise of positivist-empiricist political science.
Plato's ideal society has figured prominently in many later normative conceptions of ideal social orders in utopia, the influential 16th century vision of the ideal state, thomas more incorporated plato's earlier negation of private property and the necessity for educated and qualified rulers. Whereas, plato's normative claims is best known in his writings in the republic in the republic plato states that the proper function of a man is his soul, to live with justice and obtain a harmonious life. Aristotle vs plato essay 1408 words | 6 pages aristotle vs plato excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is plato's definition of virtue.
Within the philosophy of science there have been competing a history of the british colony of rhodesia ideas essay plato normative function about what an explanation is epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge general introduction to kant - immanuel kant (1724-1804) is one of the most. One of plato's students, who attended plato's academy, was another well-known philosopher named aristotle aristotle was a greek philosopher born in 384 bc, as a young child aristotle was greatly associated with macedonian court because his father, nichomachus, was a court physician to king amanitas ii of macedonia. This paper will discuss the different parts of plato's ideal state, as well as link them to the normative concepts of property, common/public good, and justice the discussion of justice will be lengthier than the others, on the grounds that it is the basis for a great deal of the discussion contained in plato's republic.